Cherubim and Seraphim was established as a Church on Wednesday September 9, 1925. The belief by members is that the Church was established by the Lord Himself and sent to the earth through Late Saint Moses Orimolade and Late Captain Abiodun Akinsowon, who was a young lady that time. Her twenty one day trance marked the beginning of Cherubim and Seraphim. Though Moses Orimolade is the acknowledged founder of Cherubim and Seraphim, he never claimed himself as such. He saw himself as an instrument to the establishment of the will of God.
The birth of Moses Orimolade was mysterious right from his pregnancy to his delivery. He was born on November 1877. It was said that while still in the womb he spoke to his mother and helped her lift a big load of wood to her head. This did not auger well with his father who sought to terminate his pregnancy but was told not to by his Ifa Oracle. His father was told that the child was a powerful messenger of God in whose way nobody should stand. At his birth, it was reported that he walked the moment he was born carrying his placenta and also spoke simultaneously. This was an embarrassment and event never experienced and he was forced down through some Ifa incantation. This explains why he could not walk for a while. The story and life of Moses Orimolade can be found in several publications.
What we know today as Cherubim and Seraphim Church started as Bible class and prayer fellowship by a group of people. The group gained recognition through its accurate prophecies and ability to shield people from satanic influences. Hence, the Aladura band (Praying Band) was formed by Moses Orimolade in 1918.
The 1918 Spanish influenza which killed over 50 million worldwide dating from March 1918 to June 1920 brought the Aladura Band into light. It was observed that as bad as the influenza was, no members of the Aladura group were affected by this pandemic. This spurred the growth and spread of the Aladura Band in 1920s. This also captured the interest of the west Europeans that came to witness this news.
On July 12, 1924, Moses Orimolade returned to Lagos from his preaching to neighboring cities and lodged with the sexton of a Holy Trinity Church called Emmanuel Oladimeji who was from his home town. Moses Orimolade never had a place of his own. Being a season preacher and a fervent prayer, he was well recognized and respected. Thus the name, "Baba Aladura". (Father that Prays). This was not a title as it is today. The acceptance and popularity of Moses Orimolade amongst members of the Holy Trinity Anglican Church when he prayed or preached brought insecurity and envy for the Pastors and elders of the Anglican Church. Moses Orimolade was then banded from the Church on September 11, 1924.
Abiodun Akinsowon was a charismatic woman who led the band tour from Lagos westward, thereby establishing most of the churches in West Africa. Her effective leadership earned her "Captain Abiodun" as she was popularly called. It was never a title.
Abiodun Akinsowon was born in Abeokuta, but grew up in Lagos, Nigeria. She was a devoted Anglican until her spiritual trance of twenty one days which in 1925 was taken as melancholy to some people. Moses Orimolade came to pray for Abiodun Akinsowon and she spoke to him in spirit, thereafter, regained consciousness and prophesied. After this incident people began to gather at her house in Lagos regularly for prayers and visions; it soon became a distraction, and she was consequently taken to live with Moses Orimolade. She joined the Aladura Band and became the first visionist. This began the ministry known today as Cherubim and Seraphim Church.
Moses Orimolade realized that the fellowship will reach a natural death, except it belongs to an organized society. The fellowship then organized a three day prayer and fasting to request of the Lord. The revelation by two different visionists from two different areas revealed "SE" and "RA", which was interpreted as SERAPHIM, whom are the angels that worship before the thrown of God. Hence, on this day Wednesday September 19, 1925, the Aladura Band became Seraphim Band. The addition of Cherubim was on March 26, 1926 through vision to reflect the heavenly host called the Cherubim and Seraphim.
Captain Abiodun left the band to form Cherubim and Seraphim Society in 1929. It was reported that she left because she failed to convince Moses Orimolade to refuse the service of a volunteer house helper widow (Iya Ijesha), healed by the Aladura Band. This was beginning of the division amongst the Cherubim and Seraphim Church.
After futile efforts to unite captain Abiodun together with Moses Orimolade, the western group formed Sacred Order of Cherubim and Seraphim.
In 1930, a group of elders were elected to draft an Article of Association in preparation for the incorporation of the Association. The first draft was rejected by Moses Orimolade because of an unauthorized clause that transferred the executive leadership and control of the band to the membership of the band. This infuriated the authors and they pulled out of the band to form Praying Band of Eternal Sacred Order of Cherubim and Seraphim under the leadership of Ezekiel Davies. The Northern branches moved to become Holy Order of Cherubim and Seraphim movement. The Aladura band was renamed Eternal Sacred Order of Cherubim and Seraphim with Moses Orimolade as the founder and Supreme Head (Baba Aladura). Moses Orimolade went around and established many other Churches in different part of the country. He is the accepted founder and head of Cherubim and Seraphim Churches from 1925 to his death in 1933. Since then, there have been other divisions in the Church.